WHAT THE BASKET MEANS TO THE INDIAN
BY NELTJE BLANCHAN
Not through a written literature, not through music, architecture, sculpture or painting, as we understand the fine arts, has the North American Indian yet expressed the intellectual and spiritual aspirations of the race; but chiefly through the artistic handicrafts of the women.
While primitive man, of all races, waged war and hunted, of necessity, primitive woman was ever the constructive element in society, the home-maker, the conserver of industry and thrift, the manufacturer, through simple, homely processes, of the raw products of nature into useful and sometimes beautiful forms, the inventor of many crafts, the mother of the arts, the nurse of religion. To mention only one of her contributions to civilization, there is the textile handicraft, invented by aboriginal women the world around to meet the